## Technical Standards for Quality Assurance

LAP 1               Basic Measurement

Objectives

1                                             Define dimensional measurement and explain its importance

2                                             Describe two systems of dimensional measurement:  used in                                                 manufacturing:  U.S. Customary and S.I.

3                                             Describe the function and construction of a machinist rule

4                                             Describe how to use a metric machinist's rule

5                                             Define measurement accuracy and explain its importance

6                                             Define resolution and explain its effect on accuracy

7                                             Describe how to use a decimal inch rule

8                                             Describe how to use a rule with a common fraction inch scale

9                                             Describe the function and construction of a tape measure

10                                         Describe how to use a tape measure to measure a length

11                                         Describe four sources of measurement error

12                                         Describe how to convert measurements made in common inch                                                fractions to decimal fractions

13                                         Describe how to convert between the U.S. Customary system and the                                              SI Metric System

Skills

1                                             Use a metric rules to measure an outside length of a part

2                                             Use a decimal inch rule to measure a length

3                                             Use a rule graduated in common fractions of an inch to measure a                                                length

4                                             Use a tape measure to measure a length

5                                             Convert between common inch fractions and decimal fractions

6                                             Convert between U.S. customary units and S.I. metric

LAP 2               Precision Measurement Tools

Objectives

1                                             Describe the function of a precision measurement tool and give an                                                 example

2                                             Describe the function of a dial caliper and give an application

3                                             Describe how to use a dial caliper

4                                             State the typical accuracy of a dial caliper measurement and explain                                                what affect it

5                                             Describe the function of a digital caliper and give an application

6                                             Describe how to use a digital caliper

7                                             State the typical accuracy of a digital caliper and explain what affects it

8                                             Describe the function of a micrometer and give an application

9                                             Describe how to use an outside micrometer

10                                         State the typical accuracy of an outside micrometer and explain what                                                affects it

Skills

1                                             Calibrate a dial caliper

2                                             Use a caliper to measure an outside length of a part

3                                             Use a caliper to measure an inside dimension of a part

4                                             Use a digital caliper to measure an outside length of a part

5                                             Use a digital caliper to measure an inside length of a part

6                                             Use an outside micrometer graduated in English units to measure the                                                   length of a part

7                                             Use an outside micrometer graduated in metric units to measure the                                               length of a part

8                                             Use a micrometer to measure the outside diameter of a cylindrical                                                     part

LAP 3               Dimensional Gaging

Objectives

1                                             Define a tolerance and explain its importance

2                                             Describe the function of two methods of gaging and give an                                                   application of each

3                                             Describe the function of two types of indicators and give an                                                     application of each

4                                             Describe how to use a dial indicator to measure a length

5                                             Describe the function of a gage block

6                                             Describe the function of mastering

7                                             Describe how to use a digital indicator to measure length

8                                             Describe the function of a gage fixture and give an application

9                                             Describe the function of a modular gage

10                                         Describe how to fixture a shaft for length measurement using a                                                  modular gage

11                                         Describe three ways to collect process data and give an advantage of                                                  each

Skills

1                                             Master a dial indicator

2                                             Measure length using a dial indicator

3                                             Master a digital indicator

4                                             Measure the length of a shaft using a digital indicator

5                                             Interface a digital gage to a computer

6                                             Collect and display data using data acquisition software

7                                             Delete a file

LAP 4               Introduction to SPC

Objectives

1                                             Describe the function of Statistical  Quality Control and give an                                                  application

2                                             Define two types of variation and explain their importance

3                                             Define central tendency and explain how it is used

4                                             List and define three measures of central tendency

5                                             Describe the function of a histogram and give an application

6                                             Describe how to manually construct a histogram

7                                             Describe how to create a histogram using SPC software

8                                             Describe the functions of a historical data set

9                                             Describe how to analyze a histogram

Skills

1                                             Identify the type of variation given a cause

2                                             Calculate the mean of a set of data

3                                             Calculate the range of a set of data

4                                             Manually construct a histogram given a set of data

5                                             Construct a histogram using SPC software

6                                             Open and view a historical data set

7                                             Delete a product file using SPC software

8                                             Analyze a histogram

LAP 5               Control Chart Operation

Objectives

1                                             Describe the function of a control chart and explain its importance

2                                             Define two types of data

3                                             Describe the function of two types of control charts and give an                                                   application of each

4                                             Describe the construction of a bar X and R chart

5                                             Describe how to record data on a bar X and R chart

6                                             Describe how to create a control chart using SPC software

Skills

1                                             Classify types of data

2                                             Manually record process data on a bar X and R chart

3                                             Use SPC software to record and display process data on a bar X and                                                   R chart

LAP 6               Control Chart Analysis

Objectives

1                                             Describe how to construct a X bar and R chart

2                                             Describe how to analyze a control chart

3                                             Describe the steps used to analyze a X bar and R chart

Skills

1                                             Manually construct a bar X and R chart

2                                             Construct a bar X and R chart using SPC software with keyboard                                              entry

3                                             Construct a bar X and R chart using SPC software with gage input

4                                             Analyze a bar X and R chart

LAP 7               SPC Problem Solving

Objectives

1                                             Define product quality and list three categories

2                                             Explain the function of the PDCA Cycle and describe its parts

3                                             Describe the functions of seven quality tools

4                                             Describe the function of three types of cause and effect diagrams

5                                             Describe how to construct a C&E diagram

6                                             Define brainstorming and explain how it is related to cause and                                               effect diagrams

7                                             Describe the six basic steps of the brainstorming process

8                                             Describe six methods to improve the results of the brainstorming                                              process

9                                             Identify and describe the function of the two parts of a Pareto                                               Diagram

10                                         Define Pareto Analysis

11                                         List the five steps used to manually construct a Pareto Diagram

12                                         Describe the three functions of SPC software

13                                         Describe how to create a Pareto Diagram using SPC software

Skills

1                 Construct a C&E diagram given a set of causes

2                 Create a cause and effect diagram as part of a brainstorming process

3                 Manually construct a Pareto Diagram

4                 Construct a Pareto Diagram using SPC software